Cooperation within the framework of Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism was jointly launched by the United States and the Russian Federation on July 15, 2006.
The GICNT aims at strengthening national capabilities of partner nations in order to combat nuclear terrorism, to prevent terrorists and other non-state actors from acquiring, transporting and using nuclear materials or radioactive substances and to foster collective efforts thereupon.
The Republic of Azerbaijan became a partner country to the GICNT by endorsing the principal document of the initiative, Statement of Principles, on March 19, 2012.
Since becoming a partner country the representatives of the Republic of Azerbaijan have been actively participating in several events organized within the framework of the GICNT including in Implementation and Assessment Group and 8th Plenary Meetings held in Mexico City on May 23-24, 2013.
In accordance with the relevant instruction of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan the Ministry of Foreign Affairs acts as a liaison agency for cooperation with the GICNT.
Azerbaijani-US cooperation in the area of combating proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, related materials and technologies
Azerbaijan and the United States have a successful record of cooperation in the area of combating proliferation of WMD, related materials and technologies.
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan Concerning Cooperation in the Area of the Counter-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Defense Activities signed on September 28, 1999 (Umbrella Agreement) lays out a legal basis for this bilateral cooperation.
The below-listed legal documents were signed under the Umbrella Agreement:
• Agreement between the Department of Defense of the United States of America and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan Concerning Cooperation in the Area of Counter-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, dated January 2, 2004;
• Agreement between the Department of Defense of the United States of America and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan Concerning Cooperation in the Area of Prevention of Proliferation of Technology, Pathogens, and Expertise that could be used in the Development of Biological Weapons, dated June 6, 2005;
• Implementing Arrangement between the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the State Border Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan for Cooperation in the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear and other Radioactive Material dated December 8, 2005.
The Republic of Azerbaijan and the United States successfully cooperate within Cooperative Biological Engagement, Second Line of Defense, Export Control and Related Border Security and other non-proliferation programs under these legal documents.
Arms Trade Treaty
Arms Trade Treaty is a multilateral document that regulates international trade in conventional arms, their ammunition/munitions, parts and components.
The process which was started in 2006 within the framework of the United Nations has been finalized by consideration of the Treaty text in the UN General Assembly on April 2, 2013. On that date the UN General Assembly adopted resolution 67/234B with the ATT text attached to it with a recorded vote of 154 in favor to 3 against, with 23 abstentions.
Taking into account the progressive ideas and noble purposes standing behind ATT the Republic of Azerbaijan voted in favor of the afore-mentioned UNGA resolution. Azerbaijan also supported previous UNGA resolutions on ATT, namely 61/89, 63/240 and 64/48.
The Treaty envisages establishment of the common international standards and norms for the activities in international trade - export, import, transit, trans-shipment and brokering - of battle tanks, armored combat vehicles, large-caliber artillery systems, attack helicopters, combat aircrafts, missile and missile launchers, small arms and light weapons, as well as their ammunition/munitions, parts and components with the aim of maintaining peace and security.